Budak2 Bengong

Friday, August 19, 2011

Getting to know my Bidayuh culture.


Bidayuh are people who inhabited the southwest of Sarawak. They consist of four ethnic breakdown is:
  1. Selakau / Lara (Lundu District) 
  2. Jagoi / Singai (Bau District) 
  3. Biatah (Sub-District Padawan) 
  4. Bukar / Sadong (Serian District) 

They are mostly Christians. Only a few who converted to Islam and animism. In ancient times the Bidayuh tribe lived in longhouses. Typically, the placement rate Bidayuh longhouses are located far inland and highland areas.This is for security purposes that is difficult to detect by the enemy.


The Baruk
Cooking area (Abuh)

Bidayuh Longhouse roof made of thatched roofs, or consolation, while the walls are of bamboo. Length of the platform or floor is made of boards or bamboo pole while the purchase was made of wood. Bidayuh longhouse is divided into three parts, a main room, "tanju" and "awah". The main room can we equate with the main residential area at present. In the Bidayuh community in this room is usually put personal items belonging to the family and their descendants, such as gong, jars, pottery and more. This space also serves as a place to sleep at night time. "Awah" also is the platform outside the Bidayuh longhouse, and usually it is enclosed and roofed. It is able to reconcile with berandah home today. In "Awah" Bidayuh community activities in their daily activities such as weaving, chatting, making farm tools and so on. "Awah" space will be used for any religious ceremonies such as marriages, taboos and festivals such as Gawai festivals and so forth. "Tanju" is the outermost part of the Bidayuh longhouse. "Tanju" normally used to dry the harvest Bidayuh communities such as rice, pepper, corn etc. There is a place for storing the skull in the Bidayuh longhouse. The place called Baruk. Those human skulls are real. They are enemies and killed by Bidayuh warriors.


Bidayuh Traditional Costume for men
Bidayuh Traditional Costume for women
Bead necklace for men
Beads necklace for women

The black color is the main color in the application of the Bidayuh community. For women in the Bidayuh community, is a full dress, including short sleeves or halfsleeves and a pair of black sarong knee beads decorated with delicate beads of various colors costume made with a combination of primary colors of white, yellow and red. Half-height with a small lid weave beautiful patterns or a cap of colourful fabric with fine embroidery beads are complementary female headdress Bidayuh community. Men Bidayuh ethnic communities are often wearing black shirts and a pair of partial birth shaped sleeves or short sleeves with a slight pattern of elements of flora and black shorts or loincloth that the basic colour such as blue, red and white. Cain is the complement of head circumference were male headdress this community.


Traditional instruments (Small gong also known as Tawak)
Bidayuh traditional musical instruments made from shell

For the Bidayuh community, music play an important role in every ritual they perform. Music serves to raise the spirit, drive out evil spirits. Music also plays a role in the motif of a notice of the ceremony conducted. Traditional Music Bidayuh community generally consists of a large gong, cymbal, drumand Tawak (a small gong). There are also other traditional instruments like the flute /reed flute and guitar. But this kind of musical instrument is about playing as a rather complex manufacturing process. 



Spears, parang ilang (short parang), chopsticks, "jepur" (like samurai) and"rira" (small cannons) are tools commonly used weapon by the community to fight in the days of old. While the shooter as a machete, a hoe and sickle are often used for agriculture.


  1. nice info, Dari... thank u for visiting my blog.

  2. Great info... Thanks so much for sharing...I'm able to know my roots...;))


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